• Professional School Counselors (PSC) perform many functions to meet all student needs.

    Below is a description of these functions and how PSCs spend their time.


    Table 1 demonstrates the roles of all PSCs and the breakdown of time spent on each role. The functions in dark blue are geared towards all students while responsive services, in light blue, are performed as needed.
     

    Elementary

    Middle

    High

    Guidance Curriculum (Structured classroom presentations team taught with teachers and other school staff or community partners)

    35 – 45%

    25-35%

    15-25%

    Individual Student Planning (Academic and career planning; Advisement; High School and Beyond Plan)

    5-10%

    15-25%

    25-35%

    Responsive Services (Individual counseling; group counseling; caregiver, staff and community consultation to support student success; referrals)

    30-40%

    30-40%

    25-35%

    System Support/Managing the Comprehensive Program (Tracking benchmarks; evaluating the program for improvement; adapting the program to better address student needs and close the achievement gap)

    10-15%

    10-15%

    15-20%













     Table 1 (Adapted from Sink, 2011)
     

    Table 2 shows areas of focus and the resulting five key functions of professional school counselors at each level. (Listed in order of importance)



    Elementary

    Early intervention and identification of academic and personal/social needs. Education, prevention and intervention services are used to help students acquire the knowledge and skills necessary in the four domains

    Middle

    Continued identification and intervention of personal/social and academic needs. Increased focus on career interests and awareness of diversity issues.

    High

    Continued identification and intervention of personal/social and academic needs. High focus on career needs.

    Five Key Functions, ordered by importance

    Collaboration and consultation with Teacher’s, Administration, and caregivers

    Classroom Guidance

    Academic and career planning

    Classroom Guidance

    Individual Counseling

    Caregiver, staff and community consultation

    Group Counseling

    Group Counseling

    Individual Counseling

    Peer Support Programs

    Academic Planning

    Classroom Guidance

    School, parent, and community needs assessment

    School, parent, and community needs assessments

    School, parent, and community needs assessments


    Table 2 (Adapted from Lewis, Love, Newburn, & Ulrich, 2009)