• Students who did not pass the Unit Test (D or below) have the option of completing the essay test retake below to earn a passing grade. You will have 1 week to schedule a time to complete the test. You may practice/pre-write/edit on your own but will not be allowed to use any notes when you come in to take the test.
    Students who were absent must complete the Essay Test and should schedule a time to take it ASAP (so you don't forget.)
    Unit 2 Connecting Hemispheres (Retake) - Must be completed by _______day (   )
    Choose 1 question from each chapter to answer.

    Ch. 1 (Questions 1-3)
    1. Contrasting How was the shift from medieval to Renaissance values reflected in the art and learning of the two periods?
    2. Recognizing Effects What were the effects of Gutenberg's printing press?
    3. Synthesizing Which aspects of the Renaissance contributed to the environment that made the Reformation possible?
    Ch. 2 (Questions 4-6)
    4. Drawing Conclusions How did Suleyman the Lawgiver both strengthen and weaken the Ottoman Empire?
    5. Forming and Supporting Opinions Under which two rulers discussed in this chapter did the most cultural blending occur? Explain your choices.
    6. Analyzing Causes What led to the decline of the Mughal Empire?
    Ch. 3 (Questions 7-9)
    7. Identifying Problems What problems did Europeans have to overcome in order to find an all-water route to Asia?
    8. Analyzing Motives Why did China and Japan react as they did to the Europeans' desire to trade with them?
    9. Making Inferences Why might Europe have been more eager to trade with China and Japan during this time than China
    and Japan were to trade with Europe?

    Chapter 5 – 8 Essay Test Alternatives: Pick one question per chapter section and write paragraph on a separate sheet of paper.

    1. Comparing and Contrasting How were the central characteristics of the English and French governments of the late

    1600s similar or different?

    2. Drawing Conclusions What important changes took place in Russia in the late 1600s and early 1700s?

    3. Drawing Conclusions How was Russia different from western Europe? How did Peter the Great want to change Russia?

    4. Analyzing Motives What methods were used to limit the powers of Europe's nobles during this period, and why were the

    powers of the nobles limited?

    5. Analyzing Issues Why might it have been more difficult for absolutism to take hold in central Europe than in western


    6. Synthesizing How did the events of the English Civil War, the Restoration, and the Glorious Revolution lead to the system

    of government that England has today?

    7. Contrasting What is the scientific method? How does it differ from the methods used by scholars in medieval times?

    8. Recognizing Effects What influence did the ideas of John Locke have on the Declaration of Independence? Support your

    answer with specific details.

    9. Forming and Supporting Opinions What was the Enlightenment concept of nature? Explain why you agree or disagree

    with this concept.

    10. Analyzing Motives Why do you think Catherine the Great was attracted to the ideas of the philosophes? Why do you

    think she eventually acted against these ideas?

    11. Making Inferences How did Enlightenment ideas influence the arts and literature in Europe during the 1700s? Give


    12. Synthesizing How did the ideas of Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Voltaire, and Beccaria influence the U.S.


    13. Analyzing Causes; Recognizing Effects Why did the people of the Third Estate revolt?

    14. Making Decisions Napoleon invaded Russia in June of 1812. Why was this military decision so unwise?

    15. Drawing Conclusions What were some of Napoleon's most enduring achievements during the years of peace following

    his government takeover? Why were they important?

    16. Analyzing Causes; Recognizing Effects What events led to Napoleon's downfall?

    17. Forming and Supporting Opinions Do you think the causes of the French Revolution were more economic or political in

    nature? Explain your answer.

    18. Analyzing Causes; Recognizing Effects What might have caused the French people to embrace Napoleon as emperor

    so soon after fighting a revolution that rid them of a king? Support your answer with evidence.

    19. Analyzing Issues In the first half of the 1800s, what three groups struggled to gain a political advantage in European

    societies? Define each group.

    20. Recognizing Effects How did nationalism affect the Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires?

    21. Forming and Supporting Opinions Do you approve or disapprove of Otto von Bismark's policy of realpolitik? Give

    reasons and examples from the text.

    22. Contrasting How did romantic and realistic literature differ? Give examples.

    23. Making Inferences How did nationalism and industrialization influence the romantic movement in art and literature?

    Support your answer with examples from the text.

    24. Hypothesizing Why were some nationalistic movements successful and others failures? Give reasons and examples

    from the text.


    Chapter 9
    1. Drawing Conclusions Why did the Industrial Revolution occur in Great Britain before it occurred elsewhere in Europe?
    2. Recognizing Effects What were some economic, social, and political effects that the Industrial Revolution had on Great Britain? Describe at least one economic, social, and political effect.
    3. Analyzing Causes What made 18th-century Great Britain ideal for rapid and revolutionary industrialization?
    4. Drawing Conclusions Why might the philosophy of communism have appealed to many 19th-century factory workers?
    5. Analyzing Motives What are some likely reasons that many middle-class British believed in the theories of laissez-faire capitalism and the free-market system in the 1800s?
    6. Forming and Supporting Opinions Do you think the concept of complete reliance on a free-market system, using 19th-century Britain as a model, worked well? Explain.
    Chapter 10
    7. Analyzing Causes and Recognizing Effects What were the three significant changes that occurred in the late 1800s because of inventions and discoveries made at that time?
    8. Drawing Conclusions Which of the inventions discussed in this chapter do you think was the most important? Explain your answer.
    Chapter 11
    9. Analyzing Causes What were the causes of European imperialism in Africa?
    10. Recognizing Effects What were the positive and negative effects of British imperialism in India?
    11. Drawing Conclusions What incident sparked the Sepoy Mutiny, and why did the mutiny fail?
    12. Identifying Problems What problems arose in governing Nigeria after the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885?
    13. Comparing Which TWO nations discussed in this chapter successfully avoided being colonized by European powers? What tactics did these nations use to avoid colonization, and why did these tactics work?
    14. Forming and Supporting Opinions Did imperialism in Africa have more positive or negative effects? Support your answer with details.
    Chapter 12
    15. Drawing Conclusions What changes occurred in Japan during the Meiji era? Discuss their effect on the country.
    16. Contrasting What differences existed in Japan and China's status as world powers?
    17. Analyzing Issues Why was China vulnerable to interference by European powers and the United States?