Washington State History/World GeographyHistory Agenda:Washington State HistoryCh. 0 - Intro Unit to the book and to Washington State Map
Ch. 9 - Our Government in Action
Ch. 10 - Our State Economy
Ch. 1 - The Far Corner: Washington's Geography and Geology
Ch. 2 - Early Encounters: Two Worlds Meet
Ch. 3 - Settlement of the Northwest
Ch. 4 - From Treaties to Statehood
Ch. 7 - The Great Depression and World War II
Ch. 8 - Washington Comes of Age
Ch. 5 - A State of Growth
Ch. 6 - An Era of ReformWorld GeographyUnit 1 - The Geographer's WorldCh. 1: The Tools of GeographyCh. 2: A Spatial Way of ThinkingUnit 3 - Latin AmericaCh. 12: Land Use Conflict in the Amazon RainforestUnit 4 - Europe and RussiaCh. 14: Supranational Cooperation in the European UnionUnit 7 - Monsoon Asia
Ch. 27 - Waiting for the Rains: The Effects of Monsoons in South Asia********************************************************************************************************************************************************
Unit 4 Europe and Russia Name: _____________________________________
World Geography Date: __________________
Cornell Notes (Directed) Period: ________
- Introducing the Region: Physical Geography
- Physical Features
- Introducing the Region: Human Geography
- Early Times
- The Rise of Nations
- The Modern Era
- Economic Activity
- Land Use
Introducing the Region: Physical Geography
______________________ 1. Europe and Russia occupy part of a huge landmass called this.
______________________ 2. Eurasia goes from the Atlantic Ocean to this ocean.
______________________ 3. Eurasia is divided into these two continents.
______________________ 4. This is the world’s second smallest continent.
______________________ 5. Oceans and these border Europe to the north, south, and west.
______________________ 6. This continent borders Europe on the east.
______________________ 7. This is the world’s largest country.
______________________ 8. Russia spreads over this many continents.
______________________ 9. Western Russia lies on this continent.
______________________ 10. Eastern Russia lies on this continent and stretches all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
______________________ 11. These mountains mark the dividing line between Europe and Asia, and between western and eastern
______________________ 12. Europe and Russia share this of sweeping plains and rugged mountains.
______________________ 13. Large these wander across the broad plains.
______________________ 14. The rivers drain three of these of the world.
______________________ 15. The European landmass looks like this feature attached to Eurasia.
______________________ 16. The Balkan Peninsula, Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and this land area jut out from Europe.
______________________ 17. Several big ones of these are also part of Europe.
______________________ 18. Much of Europe lies on this Plain.
______________________ 19. The Northern European Plain is one of the largest expanses of this on Earth.
______________________ 20. The Northern European Plain is this long from east to west.
______________________ 21. This mountain range forms a major barrier between central and southern Europe.
______________________ 22. This mountain range separates France and Spain.
______________________ 23. This mountain range runs through Italy.
______________________ 24. These of Europe serve as water highways.
______________________ 25. European rivers area also a source of this and power for electricity.
______________________ 26. This river flows through six countries, more than any other major river in the world.
______________________ 27. Much of Russia lies on these.
______________________ 28. Western Russia lies on this plain.
______________________ 29. Western Russia goes to the Ural Mountains in the east and these mountains in the south.
______________________ 30. Eastern Russia goes from the Ural Mountains east across this continent.
______________________ 31. This eastern part of Russia is called this.
______________________ 32. The West Siberian Plain is a large flat area with many of these and swamps.
______________________ 33. The Central Siberian Plateau have rivers with narrow ones of these through high, flat plateaus.
______________________ 34. Russia as thousands of these.
______________________ 35. This is the oldest and deepest lake in the world.
______________________ 36. Lake Baikal holds this fraction of the Earth’s fresh water.
______________________ 37. In winter Lake Baikal has ice this thick.
______________________ 38. In summer Lake Baikal is warm enough for this.
______________________ 39. This Peninsula on the eastern edge of Russia juts out into the Pacific Ocean.
______________________ 40. This many volcanoes are found on the Kamchatka Peninsula.
______________________ 41. No roads or these connect the Kamchatka Peninsula to Siberia.
______________________ 42. Everything must arrive to the Kamchatka Peninsula by boat or this.
______________________ 43. Areas of latitude south of the Alps enjoy more of these types of climates than areas to the north.
______________________ 44. The relative location of areas near this have a marine climate.
______________________ 45. Ocean winds and these help keep temperatures about the same all year.
______________________ 46. Inland areas far from the sea have this type of climate.
______________________ 47. Ocean breezes and currents do not affect places with this type of climate.
______________________ 48. In Continental Climate areas summers are hotter and winters are longer and this.
______________________ 49. In Europe, tourists head to this sea for vacation.
______________________ 50. Southern Europe has this type of climate.
______________________ 51. These in Southern Europe are longer, hotter, and drier than in Northern Europe.
______________________ 52. Mediterranean winters are this and mild.
______________________ 53. Most of Northern Europe enjoys this type of climate.
______________________ 54. This flows across the Atlantic Ocean to keep winters from being too cold.
______________________ 55. Cool ocean breezes keep these from becoming too hot.
______________________ 56. The ocean breezes bring this year-round to Northern Europe.
______________________57. Russia is known for this type of winters.
______________________ 58. The Arctic Ocean bordering Northern Russia is this mot of the year.
______________________ 59. In some Northern areas of Russia, this covers the ground for 8 or 9 months.
______________________ 60. The Northern most part of Russia has this type of climate.
______________________ 61. The weather in North Russia is so cold all year that this is always frozen.
______________________ 62. This is how cold it can drop to in Northern Russia.
______________________ 63. This area in Northern Russia has a subarctic climate.
______________________ 64. Summers in Siberia are too cool and short for this.
______________________ 65. Areas in Russia to the south and this have milder climates.
______________________ 66. Most of Western Russia has this type of climate.
______________________ 67. Winters in humid continental Russia are freezing cold, but summers can be this.
______________________ 68. Most Southern Russia parts have this type of climate.
______________________ 69. Semiarid Climate areas of Russia have hot summers and cool winters and both are this.
______________________ 70. Most of these are grown in Russia areas with longer growing seasons.
______________________ 71. This is the national capital city of Russia and it has a humid continental climate. (picture caption)
______________________ 72. Europe and Russia have a mix of these.
______________________ 73. This vegetation zone is the most common.
______________________ 74. This is the largest forest on Earth and crosses most of the Eurasian landmass.
______________________ 75. This region has forest types of deciduous, this, and mixed forests.
______________________ 76. Deciduous trees have broad, flat leaves that do this each fall.
______________________ 77. Coniferous trees have this type of leaves that stay green all year.
______________________ 78. Mixed forests have both this and coniferous trees.
______________________ 79. People in Europe cleared forest areas to use the land for this.
______________________ 80. These trees still survive the the far northern parts of Europe.
______________________ 81. Coastal parts of Europe along the Mediterranean Sea have this type of small bushes and trees.
______________________ 82. Chaparral are adapted to long summers that are this.
______________________ 83. Chaparral have this and small leaves to keep water from evaporating from the plant.
______________________ 84. Olive trees and these trees are common in the Chaparral vegetation zone.
______________________ 85. In Northern Russia, this is treeless.
______________________ 86. This is always frozen in the tundra due to year round cold temperatures.
______________________ 87. Mosses, this and scrubs cover the ground on the tundra.
______________________ 88. This region has a vast, thick, and dark forest.
______________________ 89. The taiga has mainly this type of tree; cedar, fir, pine, and spruce.
______________________ 90. Southern taiga is a mixed forest added to aspen, this, and other deciduous trees.
______________________ 91. This region South of the taiga is a grassy plain.
______________________ 92. The Steppes region has this type of grasslands too dry to support trees.
______________________ 93. The Steppes have mostly been plowed for this.
______________________ 94. This region of Russia accounts for about one-fifth of the Earth’s total forested area. (picture caption)
Introducing the Region: Human Geography
______________________ 95. This many countries are in the region of Europe and Russia.
______________________ 96. Russia covers this many square miles.
______________________ 97. This is the world’s smallest country.
______________________ 98. The Vatican City covers this many acres.
______________________ 99. The Vatican City is in the center of this city in Italy.
______________________ 100. The people of Europe and Russia are linked together by this and culture.
______________________ 101. This is how many languages are spoken in the region of Europe and Russia.
______________________ 102. The three language families are Latin, this, and Slavic.
______________________ 103. Shared culture include art, this, and religion.
______________________ 104. Over thousands of year peoples and these have moved back and forth across the region.
______________________ 105. These and ways of life have moved with the people and armies.
______________________ 106. This great civilization in Europe arose in the 700s BC.
______________________ 107. The Greeks invented this idea.
______________________ 108. This great civilization in Europe arose around 500 BC.
______________________ 109. This city was the headquarters for the 500 BC empire.
______________________ 110. This empire included most of Europe.
______________________ 111. The Romans after their fall left behind ideas about law and this.
The Rise of Nations
______________________ 112. These people ruled over small kingdoms across Europe.
______________________ 113. Some rulers expanded their lands through this.
______________________ 114. The marriage of the Prince of Aragon and the Princess of Castile led to this nation.
______________________ 115. This ruler became the Grand Prince of Moscow by war.
______________________ 116. In 1547 Ivan the Terrible had himself crowned this of all of Russia.
The Modern Era
______________________ 117. This economic revolution began in the 1700s in Europe.
______________________ 118. The revolution moved the production of goods out of home and into these.
______________________ 119. These began to take over the work that had been done by hand.
______________________ 120. European nations became the world’s first of these.
______________________ 121. These revolutions led to changes in how countries were ruled.
______________________ 122. This revolution in 1688-89 limited the power of England’s monarchs.
______________________ 123. This is a leader who rules a country with absolute power and often brutal force.
______________________ 124. This revolution in 1917 drove out the Czars and led to a series of dictators who ruled for
over 70 years.
______________________ 125. Today, this type of governments rule most countries in the region of Europe and Russia.
______________________ 126. Europe and Russia are home to this fraction of the world’s population.
______________________ 127. In 2000, this many people lived in the region.
______________________ 128. Most people live west of these mountains.
______________________ 129. Europe’s population is this which means most people live in cities.
______________________ 130. This was the first European city to reach 1 million people.
______________________ 131. This city became the first modern city to reach 1 million people.
______________________ 132. Today, most Europeans and Russians live in towns and these.
______________________ 133. The part of Eastern Russia is thinly settled.
______________________ 134. In many parts of Europe and Russia the populations are doing this.
______________________ 135. The main reason for population decline is a drop in this.
______________________ 136. This is the most common religion in Europe and Russia.
______________________ 137. More than half of the Europeans belong to this church.
______________________ 138. Most Christians in Russia follow this faith.
______________________ 139. This is the second largest religion in the region.
______________________ 140. Europe and Russia are both important this areas.
______________________ 141. Russian factories produce tractors, and these.
______________________ 142. These in Denmark turn out stereos, furniture, dishes, and silverware.
______________________ 143. These factories produce steel, automobiles, and electronics.
______________________ 144. Swiss factories turn out these, chocolate, and medicines.
______________________ 145. This kind of trade has made Europe and Russia one of the world’s richest regions.
______________________ 146. Europe and Russia are rich in these.
______________________ 147. Natural resources include these and minerals.
______________________ 148. One third of the world’s reserves of this are found in Siberia.
______________________ 149. Siberia has mines for gold, copper, lead, and this.
______________________ 150. In the North Sea and Russia people drill for this and natural gas.
______________________ 151. Russia is also a major producer of this kind of power.
______________________ 152. These farms are spread along river valleys and across the Northern European Plain.
______________________ 153. In Western Europe, farmers use machines to produce these.
______________________ 154. In Eastern Europe, some families are limited to this on small plots of land.
______________________ 155. In Scandinavia, this and fishing are big industries.
______________________ 156. In Norway, this can continue all year thanks to warm ocean currents.
______________________ 157. Fishing is also the main industry on this island in the Atlantic Ocean.
______________________ 158. In the last 75 year this has become important to Russia.
______________________ 159. In Southern Russia, farmers grow wheat and these.
______________________ 160. Across this area forestry is a major industry.
______________________ 161. On the Northern Tundra, people herd these animals and use their meat and hides.