• Washington State History/World Geography
    History Agenda:
    Washington State History
    Ch. 0 - Intro Unit to the book and to Washington State Map

    Ch. 9 - Our Government in Action

    Ch. 10 - Our State Economy

    Ch. 1 - The Far Corner: Washington's Geography and Geology

    Ch. 2 - Early Encounters: Two Worlds Meet

    Ch. 3 - Settlement of the Northwest

    Ch. 4 - From Treaties to Statehood

    Ch. 7 -  The Great Depression and World War II

    Ch. 8 - Washington Comes of Age

    Ch. 5 - A State of Growth

    Ch. 6 - An Era of Reform
    World Geography
    Unit 1 - The Geographer's World
          Ch. 1: The Tools of Geography
          Ch. 2: A Spatial Way of Thinking
    Unit 3 - Latin America
          Ch. 12: Land Use Conflict in the Amazon Rainforest
    Unit 4 - Europe and Russia
          Ch.  14: Supranational Cooperation in the European Union
    Unit 7 - Monsoon Asia 
          Ch. 27 - Waiting for the Rains: The Effects of Monsoons in South Asia




    Unit 4 Europe and Russia                                                                                Name: _____________________________________

    World Geography                                                                                              Date: __________________

    Cornell Notes (Directed)                                                                                   Period: ________



          • Introducing the Region:  Physical Geography
            • Physical Features
              • Europe
              • Russia
            • Climate
            • Vegetation
          • Introducing the Region:  Human Geography
            • History
              • Early Times
              • The Rise of Nations
              • The Modern Era
            • Population
            • Economic Activity
              • Resources
              • Land Use


    Pages 204-211

    Introducing the Region:  Physical Geography


    ______________________  1.  Europe and Russia occupy part of a huge landmass called this.


    ______________________  2.  Eurasia goes from the Atlantic Ocean to this ocean.


    ______________________  3.  Eurasia is divided into these two continents.


    ______________________  4.  This is the world’s second smallest continent.


    ______________________  5.  Oceans and these border Europe to the north, south, and west.


    ______________________  6.  This continent borders Europe on the east.


    ______________________  7.  This is the world’s largest country.


    ______________________  8.  Russia spreads over this many continents.


    ______________________  9.  Western Russia lies on this continent.


    ______________________  10.  Eastern Russia lies on this continent and stretches all the way to the Pacific Ocean.


    ______________________  11.  These mountains mark the dividing line between Europe and Asia, and between western and eastern



    Physical Features


    ______________________  12.  Europe and Russia share this of sweeping plains and rugged mountains.


    ______________________  13.  Large these wander across the broad plains.


    ______________________  14.  The rivers drain three of these of the world.




    ______________________  15.  The European landmass looks like this feature attached to Eurasia.


    ______________________  16.  The Balkan Peninsula, Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and this land area jut out from Europe.


    ______________________  17.  Several big ones of these are also part of Europe.


    ______________________  18.  Much of Europe lies on this Plain.


    ______________________  19.  The Northern European Plain is one of the largest expanses of this on Earth.


    ______________________  20.  The Northern European Plain is this long from east to west.


    ______________________  21.  This mountain range forms a major barrier between central and southern Europe.


    ______________________  22.  This mountain range separates France and Spain.


    ______________________  23.  This mountain range runs through Italy.


    ______________________  24.  These of Europe serve as water highways.


    ______________________  25.  European rivers area also a source of this and power for electricity.


    ______________________  26.  This river flows through six countries, more than any other major river in the world.






    ______________________  27.  Much of Russia lies on these.


    ______________________  28.  Western Russia lies on this plain.


    ______________________  29.  Western Russia goes to the Ural Mountains in the east and these mountains in the south.


    ______________________  30.  Eastern Russia goes from the Ural Mountains east across this continent.


    ______________________  31.  This eastern part of Russia is called this.


    ______________________  32.  The West Siberian Plain is a large flat area with many of these and swamps.


    ______________________  33.  The Central Siberian Plateau have rivers with narrow ones of these through high, flat plateaus.


    ______________________  34.  Russia as thousands of these.


    ______________________  35.  This is the oldest and deepest lake in the world.


    ______________________  36.  Lake Baikal holds this fraction of the Earth’s fresh water.


    ______________________  37.  In winter Lake Baikal has ice this thick.


    ______________________  38.  In summer Lake Baikal is warm enough for this.


    ______________________  39.  This Peninsula on the eastern edge of Russia juts out into the Pacific Ocean.


    ______________________  40.  This many volcanoes are found on the Kamchatka Peninsula.


    ______________________  41.  No roads or these connect the Kamchatka Peninsula to Siberia.


    ______________________  42.  Everything must arrive to the Kamchatka Peninsula by boat or this.





    ______________________ 43.  Areas of latitude south of the Alps enjoy more of these types of climates than areas to the north.


    ______________________ 44.  The relative location of areas near this have a marine climate.


    ______________________ 45.  Ocean winds and these help keep temperatures about the same all year.


    ______________________ 46.  Inland areas far from the sea have this type of climate.


    ______________________ 47.  Ocean breezes and currents do not affect places with this type of climate.


    ______________________ 48.  In Continental Climate areas summers are hotter and winters are longer and this.




    ______________________ 49.  In Europe, tourists head to this sea for vacation.


    ______________________ 50.  Southern Europe has this type of climate.


    ______________________ 51.  These in Southern Europe are longer, hotter, and drier than in Northern Europe.


    ______________________ 52.  Mediterranean winters are this and mild.


    ______________________ 53.  Most of Northern Europe enjoys this type of climate.


    ______________________ 54.  This flows across the Atlantic Ocean to keep winters from being too cold.


    ______________________ 55.  Cool ocean breezes keep these from becoming too hot.


    ______________________ 56.  The ocean breezes bring this year-round to Northern Europe.




    ______________________57.  Russia is known for this type of winters.


    ______________________ 58.  The Arctic Ocean bordering Northern Russia is this mot of the year.


    ______________________ 59.  In some Northern areas of Russia, this covers the ground for 8 or 9 months.


    ______________________ 60.  The Northern most part of Russia has this type of climate.


    ______________________ 61.  The weather in North Russia is so cold all year that this is always frozen.


    ______________________ 62.  This is how cold it can drop to in Northern Russia.


    ______________________ 63.  This area in Northern Russia has a subarctic climate.


    ______________________ 64.  Summers in Siberia are too cool and short for this.


    ______________________ 65.  Areas in Russia to the south and this have milder climates.


    ______________________ 66.  Most of Western Russia has this type of climate.


    ______________________ 67.  Winters in humid continental Russia are freezing cold, but summers can be this.


    ______________________ 68.  Most Southern Russia parts have this type of climate.


    ______________________ 69.  Semiarid Climate areas of Russia have hot summers and cool winters and both are this.


    ______________________ 70.  Most of these are grown in Russia areas with longer growing seasons.


    ______________________ 71.  This is the national capital city of Russia and it has a humid continental climate.  (picture caption)





    ______________________ 72.  Europe and Russia have a mix of these.


    ______________________ 73.  This vegetation zone is the most common.


    ______________________ 74.  This is the largest forest on Earth and crosses most of the Eurasian landmass.


    ______________________ 75.  This region has forest types of deciduous, this, and mixed forests.


    ______________________ 76.  Deciduous trees have broad, flat leaves that do this each fall.


    ______________________ 77.  Coniferous trees have this type of leaves that stay green all year.


    ______________________ 78.  Mixed forests have both this and coniferous trees.





    ______________________ 79.  People in Europe cleared forest areas to use the land for this.


    ______________________ 80.  These trees still survive the the far northern parts of Europe.

    ______________________ 81.  Coastal parts of Europe along the Mediterranean Sea have this type of small bushes and trees.


    ______________________ 82.  Chaparral are adapted to long summers that are this.


    ______________________ 83.  Chaparral have this and small leaves to keep water from evaporating from the plant.


    ______________________ 84.  Olive trees and these trees are common in the Chaparral vegetation zone.





    ______________________ 85.  In Northern Russia, this is treeless.


    ______________________ 86.  This is always frozen in the tundra due to year round cold temperatures.


    ______________________ 87.  Mosses, this and scrubs cover the ground on the tundra.


    ______________________ 88.  This region has a vast, thick, and dark forest. 


    ______________________ 89.  The taiga has mainly this type of tree; cedar, fir, pine, and spruce.


    ______________________ 90.  Southern taiga is a mixed forest added to aspen, this, and other deciduous trees.


    ______________________ 91.  This region South of the taiga is a grassy plain.


    ______________________ 92.  The Steppes region has this type of grasslands too dry to support trees.


    ______________________ 93.  The Steppes have mostly been plowed for this.


    ______________________ 94.  This region of Russia accounts for about one-fifth of the Earth’s total forested area. (picture caption)


    Introducing the Region:  Human Geography


    ______________________ 95.  This many countries are in the region of Europe and Russia.


    ______________________ 96.  Russia covers this many square miles.


    ______________________ 97.  This is the world’s smallest country.


    ______________________ 98.  The Vatican City covers this many acres.


    ______________________ 99.  The Vatican City is in the center of this city in Italy.


    ______________________ 100.  The people of Europe and Russia are linked together by this and culture.


    ______________________ 101.  This is how many languages are spoken in the region of Europe and Russia.


    ______________________ 102.  The three language families are Latin, this, and Slavic.


    ______________________ 103.  Shared culture include art, this, and religion.






    ______________________ 104.  Over thousands of year peoples and these have moved back and forth across the region.


    ______________________ 105.  These and ways of life have moved with the people and armies.

    Early Time


    ______________________ 106.  This great civilization in Europe arose in the 700s BC.


    ______________________ 107.  The Greeks invented this idea.


    ______________________ 108.  This great civilization in Europe arose around 500 BC.


    ______________________ 109.  This city was the headquarters for the 500 BC empire.


    ______________________ 110.  This empire included most of Europe.


    ______________________ 111.  The Romans after their fall left behind ideas about law and this.


    The Rise of Nations


    ______________________ 112.  These people ruled over small kingdoms across Europe.


    ______________________ 113.  Some rulers expanded their lands through this.


    ______________________ 114.  The marriage of the Prince of Aragon and the Princess of Castile led to this nation.


    ______________________ 115.  This ruler became the Grand Prince of Moscow by war.


    ______________________ 116.  In 1547 Ivan the Terrible had himself crowned this of all of Russia.


    The Modern Era


    ______________________ 117.  This economic revolution began in the 1700s in Europe.


    ______________________ 118.  The revolution moved the production of goods out of home and into these.


    ______________________ 119.  These began to take over the work that had been done by hand.


    ______________________ 120.  European nations became the world’s first of these.


    ______________________ 121.  These revolutions led to changes in how countries were ruled.


    ______________________ 122.  This revolution in 1688-89 limited the power of England’s monarchs.


    ______________________ 123.  This is a leader who rules a country with absolute power and often brutal force.


    ______________________ 124.  This revolution in 1917 drove out the Czars and led to a series of dictators who ruled for

     over 70 years.


    ______________________ 125.  Today, this type of governments rule most countries in the region of Europe and Russia.






    ______________________ 126.  Europe and Russia are home to this fraction of the world’s population.


    ______________________ 127.  In 2000, this many people lived in the region.


    ______________________ 128.  Most people live west of these mountains.


    ______________________ 129.  Europe’s population is this which means most people live in cities.


    ______________________ 130.  This was the first European city to reach 1 million people.


    ______________________ 131.  This city became the first modern city to reach 1 million people.


    ______________________ 132.  Today, most Europeans and Russians live in towns and these.


    ______________________ 133.  The part of Eastern Russia is thinly settled.


    ______________________ 134.  In many parts of Europe and Russia the populations are doing this.


    ______________________ 135.  The main reason for population decline is a drop in this.


    ______________________ 136.  This is the most common religion in Europe and Russia.


    ______________________ 137.  More than half of the Europeans belong to this church.


    ______________________ 138.  Most Christians in Russia follow this faith.


    ______________________ 139.  This is the second largest religion in the region.



    Economic Activity


    ______________________ 140.  Europe and Russia are both important this areas.


    ______________________ 141.  Russian factories produce tractors, and these.


    ______________________ 142.  These in Denmark turn out stereos, furniture, dishes, and silverware.


    ______________________ 143.  These factories produce steel, automobiles, and electronics.


    ______________________ 144.  Swiss factories turn out these, chocolate, and medicines.


    ______________________ 145.  This kind of trade has made Europe and Russia one of the world’s richest regions.




    ______________________ 146.  Europe and Russia are rich in these.


    ______________________ 147.  Natural resources include these and minerals.


    ______________________ 148.  One third of the world’s reserves of this are found in Siberia.


    ______________________ 149.  Siberia has mines for gold, copper, lead, and this.


    ______________________ 150.  In the North Sea and Russia people drill for this and natural gas.


    ______________________ 151.  Russia is also a major producer of this kind of power.




    Land Use


    ______________________ 152.  These farms are spread along river valleys and across the Northern European Plain.


    ______________________ 153.  In Western Europe, farmers use machines to produce these.


    ______________________ 154.  In Eastern Europe, some families are limited to this on small plots of land.


    ______________________ 155.  In Scandinavia, this and fishing are big industries.


    ______________________ 156.  In Norway, this can continue all year thanks to warm ocean currents.


    ______________________ 157.  Fishing is also the main industry on this island in the Atlantic Ocean.


    ______________________ 158.  In the last 75 year this has become important to Russia.


    ______________________ 159.  In Southern Russia, farmers grow wheat and these.


    ______________________ 160.  Across this area forestry is a major industry.


    ______________________ 161.  On the Northern Tundra, people herd these animals and use their meat and hides.