Online Resources

  • Poetry Links || Washington's Social Studies CBA || Washington State Websites || Web Search Tools

    Poetry Links:

    Library of Congress Poetry Resources:

    Internet Poetry Archive:

    Epic Poetry Portal:

    Representative Poetry Online from the University of Toronto:

    Modern American Poetry:

    Poetry.Com: The International Library of Poetry:

    Yale University: A Place for Poetry:

    Poetry 180: A Poem A Day for Teens fromThe Library ofCongress (searchable)


    Free Resources to support Washington's Social Studies CBAs

    AMDOCS: Documents for the Study of American History
    Arranged by historical century, this portal links to primary sources covering history from the 800s to the present.

    Archiving Early America
    Here at Archiving Early America, you will discover a wealth of resources — a unique array of primary source material from 18th Century America. Scenes and portraits from original newspapers, maps and writings come to life on your screen just as they appeared to this country's forebears more than two centuries ago. As you browse through these pages, you will find it easier to understand the people, places and events of this significant time in the American experience.

    Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History, and Diplomacy
    The Avalon Project mounts digital documents relevant to the fields of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government. Includes constitutions, statutes, treaties, and other primary source documents from 4000 BCE to the present.

    Digital History: Using New Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Research
    Includes e-lectures, videos, primary source documents, research guides, online exhibitions, an online textbook, music, and more covering numerous aspects of U.S. history.

    EDSITEment: History and Social Studies Websites
    EDSITEment offers a treasure trove for teachers, students, and parents searching for high-quality material on the Internet in the subject areas of literature and language arts, foreign languages, art and culture, and history and social studies. All websites linked to EDSITEment have been reviewed for content, design, and educational impact in the classroom. They cover a wide range of humanities subjects, from American history to literature, world history and culture, language, art, and archaeology, and have been judged by humanities specialists to be of high intellectual quality.

    Federal Resources for Educational Excellence: Teaching and Learning Resources from Federal Agencies: History and Social Studies
    More than 1,500 federally supported teaching and learning resources are included from dozens of federal agencies. New sites are added regularly. FREE is among the most popular K-12 websites maintained by the U.S. Department of Education because of the many great resources being offered by contributing federal agencies.

    The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
    Founded in 1994, the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History is a nonprofit organization supporting the study and love of American history through a wide range of programs and resources for students, teachers, scholars, and history enthusiasts throughout the nation. The Gilder Lehrman Collection, on deposit at the New-York Historical Society, contains more than 60,000 documents detailing the political and social history of the United States. The collection's holdings include manuscript letters, diaries, maps, photographs, printed books and pamphlets ranging from 1493 through modern times. Also check out their periodical, History Now: American History Online .

    Historic Video Footage: Multiple Resources
    Historic video footage can be a great tool to see what the culture of an era was really like. More and more historic video footage is being digitized and made available on the web. The following sites provide excellent collections of videos that contain historic value: U.S. History
    Videos and articles covering U.S. history via the History Channel and Lots of good audio, video, and multimedia files.

    History Matters: The U.S. Survey Course on the Web
    Designed for high school and college teachers and students of U.S. history survey courses, this site serves as a gateway to web resources and offers unique teaching materials, first-person primary documents, and guides to analyzing historical evidence. We emphasize materials that focus on the lives of ordinary Americans and actively involve students in analyzing and interpreting evidence. Also check out their annotated list of resources !

    The Library of Congress: American Memory
    American Memory provides free and open access through the Internet to written and spoken words, sound recordings, still and moving images, prints, maps, and sheet music that document the American experience. It is a digital record of American history and creativity. These materials, from the collections of the Library of Congress and other institutions, chronicle historical events, people, places, and ideas that continue to shape America, serving the public as a resource for education and lifelong learning.

    The National Archives: 100 Milestone Documents from the National Archives linked to Washington State Classroom Based Assessments (CBA)
    Browsable by grade level as well as historic era, the CBA sample topics on this web page are linked to the "100 Milestone Documents" located at, which include digitized original documents, typed transcriptions (for students who have difficulty with handwritten items), and background information describing the way in which each document fits into the American experience.

    Resource Guides from Washington K-12 Schools
    Schools throughout Washington have put together some great resource guides to help students find the best resources for their social studies CBAs. Here are a few that have excellent resource lists on their sites:

    Smithsonian American Art Museum: Educational Resources
    Includes collections of Civil War photography, American landscapes, American-Style history posters, and numerous other collections to help provide a visual history of the United States. Also check out other Smithsonian Online Exhibitions .

    University of Washington: Digital Collections
    This site features materials such as photographs, maps, newspapers, posters, reports and other media from the University of Washington Libraries, University of Washington Faculty and Departments, and organizations that have participated in partner projects with the UW Libraries. The collections emphasize rare and unique materials.

    WWW-VL: History: United States
    Contains links to primary sources arranged by era and subject, including chronological periods (The Gilded Age, Colonial Era, etc) and by decade through the 20th century.

    Washington State Websites

    Collected by Mary Norton -- Bound To Stay Bound Books, Inc.


    General Information

    Experience Washington Official Website of Washington State Tourism

    Find what you need to plan the perfect trip to Washington State from the official website by Washington State Tourism. - 55k - Cached - Similar pages


    Washington State Symbols Capital Constitution Flags Maps Song

    Washington information resource links to state homepage, symbols, flags, maps, constitutions, representitives, songs, birds, flowers, trees. - 32k - Cached - Similar pages


    Washington QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau

    Jul 25, 2008 ... Frequently requested statistics for Washington . ... Source U.S. Census Bureau: State and County QuickFacts. Data derived from Population ... - 43k - Cached - Similar pages


    Washington State Historical Society

    Explore the museum's Hall of Washington History and discover a new view of the past, from frontier towns to modern technology. Includes events, programs ... - 18k - Cached - Similar pages

  the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State ...

    Dedicated to Washington State History. Includes timelines, biographies, slideshows, and links. - 53k - Cached - Similar pages


    CVO Menu - Washington State Volcanoes and Volcanics

    includes all the major Cascade Range Volcanoes, plus more; Volcanoes of Lewis and Clark -- includes sightings of three Washington State Volcanoes ... - 19k - Cached - Similar pages


    USGS Washington Water Science Center USGS Home Page

    Here you'll find information on Washington's rivers and streams. ... stations in the state , many of which form the backbone of flood-warning systems. ... - 11k - Cached - Similar pages




    Washington State Apple Commission

    Apple varieties, history of the association, health and nutrition information, facts, kids' section, recipes, grower profiles, map of growing regions, ... - 9k - Cached - Similar pages


    Apple Journal-- Washington Orchards

    Apples first found their way to Washington state in 1826 on a Hudson's Bay Company sailing vessel. The captain of the ship, George Simpson, was given the ... - 18k - Cached - Similar pages




    Wildlife / Salmon

    Washington Wildlife Keep Washington Wildlife Areas Managed for Wildlife ! Learn MoreWDFW -- Salmon Recovery in Washington State


    WDFW -- Salmon Recovery in Washington State

    The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife is the state leader in providing the science that will make wild salmon recovery a reality. ... - 42k - Cached - Similar pages



    Lewis & Clark

    (Note: I have titles about Lewis and Clark in my bibliography, but there has been so much information published for the bicentennial I think every library probably has enough. If you don't, just Google search Lewis and Clark.



    The Whitman Massacre

    (There are many more sites on the Whitman Massacre. You just need to search on Marcus, Narcissa, Sager, etc. Most of my choices are primary sources. I want to know what the characters who were there had to say, not what someone else thought they might have said.)


    Mary Marsh Cason's version of the Whitman Massacre

    The following letter is from the original account of Mary Marsh Cason's version of the Whitman Massacre . The copy of which I'm provided is by no stretch of ... - 12k - Cached - Similar pages


    PBS - THE WEST - Marcus and Narcissa Whitman

    Sketch of the Whitman Compound by a survivor of the massacre .... Two years after the attack, Tiloukaikt and several others involved in the Whitman Massacre ... - 21k - Cached - Similar pages


    The Whitman Massacre

    Jul 3, 2002 ... In the early 19th century, the missionaries were the first white men to settle in the Pacific Northwest. They came to Christianize the ... - 29k - Cached - Similar pages



    Below we published an interesting letter written in 1855 by Miss Elizabeth Sager , a cousin of C.A. Sager of Promise City and E.M. Sager south of town. ... - 14k - Cached - Similar pages


    Sager Story - Whitman Mission National Historic Site

    Apr 18, 2005 ... Catherine Sager Pringle, Elizabeth Sager Helm, and Matilda Sager Delaney. Taken at the 50th anniversary commemoration, November 1897. ... - 18k - Cached - Similar pages

    (Note: This site contains a picture of the 3 surviving sisters.)



    PBS - THE WEST - Across the Plains in 1844

    Across the Plains in 1844. by Catherine Sager Pringle (c. 1860). Contents Chapter I - On the Plains in 1844 · Chapter II - Waiilatpu Massacre, 1847 ... - 84k - Cached - Similar pages

    (Note: This site contains the entire book. I have a copy of the book and have compared it to this document. The book is 29 pages long.)


    A Survivor's Recollections of the Whitman Massacre - Google Books Result

    by Matilda Sager - 1920 - Frontier and pioneer life - 46 pages
    Cover title: The Whitman massacre."GwlyNVYyQGAC...

    (Note: I have an original copy of this book. The complete text is on this site.)


    PBS - THE WEST - Marcus and Narcissa Whitman

    Marcus and Narcissa Whitman were both from upstate New York. Narcissa Prentiss was born in 1808 in Prattsburgh, New York, into a devout Presbyterian family. ... - 21k - Cached - Similar pages


    PBS - THE WEST - The Letters and Journals of Narcissa Whitman 1836 ...

    The Letters and Journals of Narcissa Whitman 1836 - 1847. [Show Table of Contents]. ON BOARD STEAMBOAT SIAM March 15, 1836. Dear, Dear Mother: ... - 136k - Cached - Similar pages
    More results from »


    Diary of Narcissa Whitman

    DIARIES AND JOURNALS OF NARCISSA WHITMAN 1836. ON BOARD STEAMBOAT SIAM March 15, 1836. Dear, Dear Mother: Your proposal concerning keeping a diary as I ... - 200k - Cached - Similar pages



    Seattleand the Gold Rush

    Gold Fever! Seattle Outfits the Klondike Gold Rush

    Use this classroom-ready lesson plan to understand how Seattle exemplified the prosperity of the Klondike Gold Rush . - 12k - Cached - Similar pages

  the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State ...

    Seattle Post-Intelligencer, May 19, 1957, Pictorial Review, p. 2; Pierre Berton, Klondike: The Last Great Gold Rush , 1896-1899 (Toronto: MaCLelland and ..."output.cfm&file_id=687" - 25k - Cached - Similar pages


    City Rises on Golden Wave

    And Gold Rush Seattle became notorious for wide-open gambling and prostitution. South of Yesler, businessmen geared up to handle the expected crowds, ... - 8k - Cached - Similar pages


    Klondike Gold Rush Links - ExploreNorth

    The Klondike Gold Rush of 1897-1898 was triggered by the arrival of two " treasure ships" Excelsior and Portland in San Francisco and Seattle . ... - 22k - Cached - Similar pages




    (Note: There are more sites for this topic, but these were some of the best. The very best book on this topic is WOBBLY WAR the Centralia Story by John McClelland, Jr. ©1987 Pub. WA State Historical Society. It is out of print, so try Ebay or Amazon)




    Centralia Massacre Collection

    Literature and information about the 1919 Centralia Massacre , as well as general materials about the IWW. - 10k - Cached - Similar pages


    The Centralia , Washington 1919 Armistice Day Massacre

    Emil Remmen and his Washington National Guard unit involvement in the 1919 Centralia , Washington , Armistice Day riot and killings. - 25k - Cached - Similar pages


    Centralia Massacre

    We cross the Chehalis river and then approach Centralia , Washington . ... In 1919 , a fateful event, later known as "The Centralia Massacre ," occurred in this ... - 26k - Cached - Similar pages




    Everett Massacre

    Oct 6, 2000 ... The Everett Massacre lasted only one day but the lives of seven men weretaken and approximately 50 were wounded (Bloody Sunday, 2000). ... - 15k - Cached - Similar pages


    Everett Massacre - Washington History Day Topic Guide

    Sep 21, 2008 ... The Washington State History Day wiki lists primary sources at archives and libraries around Washington that are available to students ... - 42k - Cached - Similar pages



    Japanese Internment in Washington State


    Japanese Internment : National Security or Oppression? - Washington...

    Sep 16, 2008 ... The Washington State History Day wiki lists primary sources at archives and ... Who supported Japanese internment and who opposed it? ... - 43k - Cached - Similar pages


  the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State ...

    A total of 12892 persons of Japanese ancestry from Washington state were ... posters telling local Japanese Americans where to report for internment ..."311" - 23k - Cached - Similar pages


    Japanese Relocation and Internment

    Seattle Times article recapping the history of Japanese in Washington State in the early 1900's and their subsequent evacuation to relocation camps in the ... - 19k - Cached - Similar pages


    Ezra Meeker

  the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State ...

    From 1906 until his death in 1928 Ezra Meeker devoted the majority of his ... Ezra Meeker was born December 29, 1830 in a log cabin on the family farm near ..."7737" - 48k - Cached - Similar pages


    The Busy Life of Eighty-five Years of Ezra Meeker : Ventures and ... - Google Books Result

    by Ezra Meeker - 1916 - Overland journeys to the Pacific - 399 pages"-L4UAAAAYAAJ...



    Chief Seattle


    skocsis - Chief Seathl's Speech - 1855

    In 1855, Chief Seathl -- also known as Seattle -- of the Suquamish- and Salish- speaking tribes, signed the Port Elliott Treaty. This marked his official ... - 28k - Cached - Similar pages



    Jason Lee


    Salem (Oregon) Online History - Jason Lee

    Hines, H. K. Missionary History of the Pacific Northwest Containing the Wonderful Story of Jason Lee with Sketches of Many of His Co-Laborers, ... - 43k - Cached - Similar pages



    Reconstructing Jason Lee

    It is a matter of history that Jason Lee was the unseen hand behind this first active effort at Washington , and he was regarded in a special sense as the ... - 66k - Cached - Similar pages



    William Boeing


    PBS - Chasing the Sun - William Boeing

    Excerpt from episode 2 of Chasing the Sun about William Boeing and how he ... The son of a wealthy lumberman, William E. Boeing dropped out of Yale ... - 24k - Cached - Similar pages


    Boeing : William E. Boeing -- 1881 to 1956

    William E. Boeing Biography. ... According to his son, William Boeing , Jr., Boeing was a fast and avid reader and remembered everything he read. ... - 13k - Cached - Similar pages
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    Following are websites for all of the registered Native American Tribes in WA State.


    Note: All of these sites were viable as of Aug. 20. 2008


    êThis symbol designates a site I thought was particularly good.


    Warning: Almost all of the Native American Tribes have a site that begins with The downside of this site is that it contain pop-ups. Besides the distraction, some are not really appropriate for young audiences. For this reason I have not listed these sites. You might want to look at these sites for your own information.


    Chehalis: (A recent check on this site required a password.)

    This article has a good amount of information including history, government, setting, village sites, etc.


    This article is adequate. contains pictures of artifacts attributed to the Chehalis Tribe.



    This article contains a good history of Colville Tribe as well as photos.


    This is a long article with interesting information about the Colville Tribe.


    Cowlitz: This article contained a long history about this group of Native Americans.

    Wikipedia had a very short article. It might be worth looking at now and then because more information could be added. As of June, 2007 the information was very slight.



    Web sites on this tribe were very sketchy. There was not enough information to be of use for good research or reports. Wikipedia did not have much more than the location of the tribe.



    Http:// This site is excellent. There is a lot of good information and if you scroll to the bottom you will be able to choose more topics with additional information. The reading may be difficult for elementary students, but should be on target for middle school students.

    Wikipedia'Klallam-(Jamestown) had a decent article. The people belonging to this tribe appear to be proud of their heritage and willing to share their history with others.



    Http:// This is one of the best sites, if not the best! When you bring this site up, choose Culture. From the Culture Home Page, scroll down to the bottom and click on Kalispel Commemorative Video (this is at the very bottom of the page) You will be able to watch and listen to a 16 minute video that will tell you all about the Kalispel people. After watching the video be sure to check out all of the other menu choices. There is a wealth of information for you and your students.

    Wikipedia will give you different information.'Oreilles.(tribe)


    Lower Elwha Klallam This site does not have a lot of information. You will find a myth about the origin of the tribe under culture. That's about it.

    Wikipedia will give you more information than the above site.


    �Makah This site is excellent. It covers many topics complete with photos. The information is easy to read. There is a lot on whaling. is a site that contains vocabulary, language, legends and more. This site is a must when learning about the Makah culture. This information is adequate, but you really don't need this site, because the other sites are so good.

    There are many more sites to visit when studying the Makah. I have only listed two that I think are the very best.



    Muckleshoot This site is very good. If you choose Thumbnail History you will get adequate information. If you choose Detailed History option you will get a great deal of information. However, the reading is a bit difficult and the font is small.


    Nisqually This site includes some photos, but it has very little information. contains a short article about the Nisqually..


    Nooksack This site has very little information. There is a link to some language lessons that is of some interest, but that is about it. article is slight.


    �Port Gamble This site is excellent. You will find not only the history, but the culture. This includes recipes. The site announces that articles on language will be coming soon. has a decent amount of information and some good photos.



    There really wasn't a good site for the Puyallup Tribe. There were significant hits, but the sites did not contain information that students will need for their projects. article was mostly about the Emerald Queen Casino.


    Quileute had a satisfactory amount of information. had minimal information but did include a chart on language.



    This tribe received the star symbol because there were additional sites with good information. The official home site is: This is satisfactory. is OK. is a site well worth browsing. You will find legends, language and other cultural information about the Quinault. will bring up photos of artifacts from the Quinault Tribe that are housed at the Burke Museum.


    Samish had some information.



    There is very little information on the history and culture of this tribe. Most of the hits are for current events about this group of people. has a few paragraphs about the Sauk-Suiattle



    There is very little information about this tribe online. had a few short paragraphs. had a couple of sentences.


    Skokomish as a short article on history and culture, but does contain some excellent photos of their basketry. has The Legend of the Dog Salmon People­_(tribe) has a very brief amount of information.



    There is very little information online about this tribe. Their casino project is the main focus of most of the articles.

    A small amount of tribal history can be found at: has a very short article.


    This is another tribe with very little information online. has an article with a couple of paragraphs. This is the best article I could find.


    �SquaxinIsland is an excellent site. You will find history and culture. The photos in the heading will change as you look at this site. has only a very short article.



    There is very little information about the history and culture of the Stillaguamish online. has a paragraph.


    �Suquamish This site is outstanding. You will experience a video complete with voice. A click here and a click there will take you many interesting places. You can go inside a long house, or out to sea. A lot of time and energy has been spent on this site. is nothing special, but a student might get a bit more information.

    Note: Chief Seattle was a member of this tribe. There is a lot of information about him linked to many of these sites.



    Basically I found no information of use. The site, http://www.swinomish.org_history did not bring up the history. It was just a blank page. Maybe they are working on the site. had a very slight article.



    There are quite a few hits, but very little information on this tribe. There were a lot of mission statements and current happenings. There were not sites that would be useful to children looking for history and culture.


    Upper Skagit

    This is another tribe with very little information online. has approximately two sentences.


    Yakama This site had good information. It is a site that belongs to the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission.


    Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest will give you a list of web sites for many of the Pacific Northwest Indian Tribes. Some of these sites will be of value. This is at least another place to look for information.



    There are lots of books on WA State history. However, many are out of print. I am especially fond of books that contain interviews, diaries, letters or conversations with pioneers. Fred Lockley compiled notebooks full of conversations with pioneers. His notebooks were edited and compiled by Mike Helms after his death. There are four books, but only one is still in print. The titles are:





    I found one at an estate sale in an old barn. This is how I found out about these books in the first place. I obtained the remaining titles by typing in Lockley on Ebay from time to time. It didn't take too long until I had all of the books. The conversations for the most part are short and easy to read. Middle school students should be able to read these books. I found interviews with both Matilda and Elizabeth Sager in CONVERSATIONS WITH PIONEER WOMEN.

    I bought COVERED WAGON WOMEN: Diaries & Letters from the Western Trail, 1840 — 1849 edited and compiled by Kenneth L. Holmes at the Whitman Mission Bookstore.

    IT HAPPENED IN WASHINGTON by James A Crutchfield ©1999 by The Globe Pequot Press is a great little book. It has114 pages and contains 31 fascinating stories about events that helped make Washington what it is today. It would be just right for middle school and up. .

    TOLD BY THE PIONEERS: REMINISCENCES OF PIONEER LIFE IN WASHINGTON ©1938 was a W.P.A. project Directed by Belle Reeves. If you can find a copy it is a great addition to a collection on WA State. (I have vol. 3)

    Look in all museum bookstores for books about WA. Garage sales and estate sales are often a gold mine for local history. If someone tells you about a title check the Internet: Amazon, Ebay, Abe Books, are all good sources.


    100 Useful Tips and Tools to Research the Deep Web By Alisa Miller

    Experts say that typical search engines like Yahoo! and Google only pick up about 1% of the information available on the Internet. The rest of that information is considered to be hidden in the deep web, also referred to as the invisible web. So how can you find all the rest of this information? This list offers 100 tips and tools to help you get the most out of your Internet searches.

    Meta-Search Engines

    Meta-search engines use the resources of many different search engines to gather the most results possible. Many of these will also eliminate duplicates and classify results to enhance your search experience.

    1. SurfWax . This search engine works very well for reaching deep into the web for information.
    2. Academic Index . Created by the former chair of Texas Association of School Librarians, this meta-search engine only pulls from databases and resources that are approved by librarians and educators.
    3. Clusty . Clusty searches through top search engines, then clusters the results so that information that may have been hidden deep in the search results is now readily available.
    4. Dogpile . Dogpile searches rely on several top search engines for the results then removes duplicates and strives to present only relevant results.
    5. Turbo 10 . This meta-search engine is specifically designed to search the deep web for information.
    6. Multiple Search . Save yourself the work by using this search engine that looks among major search engines, social networks, flickr, Wikipedia, and many more sites.
    7. Mamma . Click on the Power Search option to customize your search experience with this meta-search engine.
    8. World Curry Guide . This meta-search tool with a strong European influence has been around since 1997 and is still growing strong.
    9. . Give this meta-search engine a try. It accesses a large number of databases and claims to have more access to information than Google.
    10. Icerocket . Search blogs as well as the general Internet, MySpace, the news, and more to receive results by posting date.
    11. iZito . Get results from a variety of major search engines that come to you clustered in groups. You can also receive only US website results or receive results with a more international perspective.
    12. Ujiko . This unusual meta-search tool allows for you to customize your searches by eliminating results or tagging some as favorites.

    Semantic Search Tools and Databases

    Semantic search tools depend on replicating the way the human brain thinks and categorizes information to ensure more relevant searches. Give some of these semantic tools and databases a try.

    1. Hakia . This popular semantic search engine only accesses websites that are recommended by librarians.
    2. Zotero . Firefox users will like this add-on that helps you organize your research material by collecting, managing, and citing any references from Internet research.
    3. Freebase . This community-powered database includes information on millions of topics.
    4. Powerset . Enter a topic, phrase, or question to find information from Wikipedia with this semantic application.
    5. Kartoo . Enter any keyword to receive a visual map of the topics that pertain to your keyword. Hover your mouse over each to get a thumbnail of the website.
    6. DBpedia . Another Wikipedia resource, ask complex questions with this semantic program to get results from within Wikipedia.
    7. Quintura . Entering your search term will create a cloud of related terms as well as a list of links. Hover over one of the words or phrases in the cloud to get an entirely different list of links.
    8. [true knowledge] . Help with current beta testing at this search engine or try their Quiz Bot that finds answers to your questions.
    9. Stumpedia . This search engine relies on its users to index, organize, and review information coming from the Internet.
    10. Evri . This search engine provides you with highly relevant results from articles, papers, blogs, images, audio, and video on the Internet.
    11. Gnod . When you search for books, music, movies and people on this search engine, it remembers your interests and focuses the search results in that direction.
    12. Boxxet . Search for what interests you and you will get results from the "best of" news, blogs, videos, photos, and more. Type in your keyword and in addition to the latest news on the topic, you will also receive search results, online collections, and more.

    General Search Engines and Databases

    These databases and search engines for databases will provide information from places on the Internet most typical search engines cannot.

    1. DeepDyve . One of the newest search engines specifically targeted at exploring the deep web, this one is available after you sign up for a free membership.
    2. OAIster . Search for digital items with this tool that provides 12 million resources from over 800 repositories.
    3. direct search . Search through all the direct search databases or select a specific one with this tool.
    4. CloserLook Search . Search for information on health, drugs and medicine, city guides, company profiles, and Canadian airfares with this customized search engine that specializes in the deep web.
    5. Northern Light Search . Find information with the quick search or browse through other search tools here.
    6. Yahoo! Search Subscriptions . Use this tool to combine a search on Yahoo! with searches in journals where you have subscriptions such as Wall Street Journal and New England Journal of Medicine.
    7. CompletePlanet . With over 70,000 databases and search engines at its disposal, this is an excellent resource for searching the deep web.
    8. The Scout Archives . This database is the culmination of nine years'worth of compiling the best of the Internet.
    9. Daylife . Find news with this site that offers some of the best global news stories along with photos, articles, quotes, and more.
    10. Silobreaker . This tool shows how news and people in the news impacts the global culture with current news stories, corresponding maps, graphs of trends, networks of related people or topics, fact sheets, and more.
    11. spock . Find anyone on the web who might not normally show up on the surface web through blogs, pictures, social networks, and websites here.
    12. The WWW Virtual Library . One of the oldest databases of information available on the web, this site allows you to search by keyword or category.
    13. pipl . Specifically designed for searching the deep web for people, this search engine claims to be the most powerful for finding someone.

    Academic Search Engines and Databases

    The world of academia has many databases not accessible by Google and Yahoo!, so give these databases and search engines a try if you need scholarly information.

    1. Google Scholar . Find information among academic journals with this tool.
    2. WorldCat . Use this tool to find items in libraries including books, CDs, DVDs, and articles.
    3. getCITED . This database of academic journal articles and book chapters also includes a discussion forum.
    4. Microsoft Libra . If you are searching for computer science academic research, then Libra will help you find what you need.
    5. BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine . This multi-disciplinary search engine focuses on academic research and is available in German, Polish, and Spanish as well as English.
    6. yovisto . This search engine is an academic video search tool that provides lectures and more.
    7. AJOL - African Journals Online . Search academic research published in AJOL with this search engine.
    8. HighWire Press . From Stanford, use this tool to access thousands of peer-reviewed journals and full-text articles.
    9. MetaPress . This tool claims to be the "world's largest scholarly content host" and provides results from journals, books, reference material, and more.
    10. OpenJ-Gate . Access over 4500 open journals with this tool that allows you to restrict your search to peer-reviewed journals or professional and industry journals.
    11. Directory of Open Access Journals . This journal search tool provides access to over 3700 top "quality controlled" journals.
    12. Intute . The resources here are all hand-selected and specifically for education and research purposes.
    13. Virtual Learning Resource Center . This tool provides links to thousands of academic research sites to help students at any level find the best information for their Internet research projects.
    14. Gateway to 21st Century Skills . This resource for educators is sponsored by the US Department of Education and provides information from a variety of places on the Internet.
    15. MagBot . This search engine provides journal and magazine articles on topics relevant to students and their teachers.
    16. Michigan eLibrary . Find full-text articles as well as specialized databases available for searching.

    Scientific Search Engines and Databases

    The scientific community keeps many databases that can provide a huge amount of information but may not show up in searches through an ordinary search engine. Check these out to see if you can find what you need to know.

    1. . This search engine offers specific categories including agriculture and food, biology and nature, Earth and ocean sciences, health and medicine, and more.
    2. . Search for science information with this connection to international science databases and portals.
    3. CiteSeer.IST . This search engine and digital library will help you find information within scientific literature.
    4. Scirus . This science search engine moves beyond journal articles and also includes searches among such resources as scientists'webpages, courseware, patents, and more.
    5. Scopus . Find academic information among science, technology, medicine, and social science categories.
    6. GoPubMed . Search for biomedical texts with this search engine that accesses PubMed articles.
    7. the Gene Ontology . Search the Gene Ontology database for genes, proteins, or Gene Ontology terms.
    8. PubFocus . This search engine searches Medline and PubMed for information on articles, authors, and publishing trends.
    9. Scitopia . This "deep federated search" brings the best information from the fields of science and technology.
    10. Scitation . Find over one million scientific papers from journals, conferences, magazines, and other sources with this tool.

    Custom Search Engines

    Custom search engines narrow your focus and eliminate quite a bit of the extra information usually contained in search results. Use these resources to find custom search engines or use the specific custom search engines listed below.

    1. . This listing includes many of the Google custom search engines created.
    2. . Find custom search engines here or create your own.
    3. CSE Links . Use this site to find Google Coop custom search engines.
    4. PGIS PPGIS Custom Search . This search engine is customized for those interested in the "practice and science" of PGIS/PPGIS.
    5. Files Tube . Search for files in file sharing and uploading sites with this search engine.
    6. Trailmonkey's Custom Search Engine . This outdoor adventure search engine will help find information such as trails, maps, and wildlife around the world.
    7. Rollyo . "Roll your own search engine" at this site where you determine which sites will be included in your searches.
    8. . Use this custom search engine to find information about Northern Ireland.
    9. Figure Skating Custom Search Engine . Use this search engine to learn about figure skating. The more this search engine is used, the better the results become.
    10. Custom Search Engines . There are three custom search engines here, two of which may be relevant for anyone interested in Utah constitution or juvenile justice.
    11. Go Pets America Custom Search Engine . This search engine will help you find information on pets and animals, their health and wellness, jobs in the field, and more.

    Collaborative Information and Databases

    One of the oldest forms of information dissemination is word-of-mouth, and the Internet is no different. With the popularity of bookmarking and other collaborative sites, obscure blogs and websites can gain plenty of attention. Follow these sites to see what others are reading.

    1. . As readers find interesting articles or blog posts, they can tag, save, and share them so that others can enjoy the content as well.
    2. Digg . As people read blogs or websites, they can "digg" the ones they like, thus creating a network of user-selected sites on the Internet.
    3. Technorati . Not only is this site a blog search engine, but it is also a place for members to vote and share, thus increasing the visibility for blogs.
    4. StumbleUpon . As you read information on the Internet, you can Stumble it and give it a thumbs up or down. The more you Stumble, the more closely aligned to your taste will the content become.
    5. Reddit . Working similarly to StumbleUpon, Reddit asks you to vote on articles, then customizes content based on your preferences.
    6. Twine . With Twine you can search for information as well as share with others and get recommendations from Twine.
    7. . This collaborative site offers shared knowledge from its members through forums, blogs, and shared websites.
    8. Talk Digger . Find information on the Internet based on what others are saying about it. Members discuss web sites, blogs, and specific topics here.

    Tips and Strategies

    Searching the deep web should be done a bit differently, so use these strategies to help you get started on your deep web searching.

    1. Don't rely on old ways of searching . Become aware that approximately 99% of content on the Internet doesn't show up on typical search engines, so think about other ways of searching.
    2. Search for databases . Using any search engine, enter your keyword alongside "database" to find any searchable databases (for example, "running database" or "woodworking database").
    3. Get a library card . Many public libraries offer access to research databases for users with an active library card.
    4. Stay informed . Reading blogs or other updated guides about Internet searches on a regular basis will ensure you are staying updated with the latest information on Internet searches.
    5. Search government databases . There are many government databases available that have plenty of information you may be seeking.
    6. Bookmark your databases . Once you find helpful databases, don't forget to bookmark them so you can always come back to them again.
    7. Practice . Just like with other types of research, the more you practice searching the deep web, the better you will become at it.
    8. Don't give up . Researchers agree that most of the information hidden in the deep web is some of the best quality information available.

    Helpful Articles and Resources for Deep Searching

    Take advice from the experts and read these articles, blogs, and other resources that can help you understand the deep web.

    1. Deep Web - Wikipedia . Get the basics about the deep web as well as links to some helpful resources with this article.
    2. Deep Web - AI3:::Adaptive Information . This assortment of articles from the co-coiner of the phrase "deep web," Michael Bergman offers a look at the current state of deep web perspectives.
    3. The Invisible Web . This article from provides a very simple explanation of the deep web and offers suggestions for tackling it.
    4. ResourceShelf . Librarians and researchers come together to share their findings on fun, helpful, and sometimes unusual ways to gather information from the web.
    5. Docuticker . This blog offers the latest publications from government agencies, NGOs, think tanks, and other similar organizations. Many of these posts are links to databases and research statistics that may not appear so easily on typical web searches.
    6. . This site offers tips and tools for IT professionals to find the best deep web resources.
    7. Digital Image Resources on the Deep Web . This article includes links to many digital image resources that probably won't show up on typical search engine results.
    8. Federated Search 101 . Learn about federated search tools in this article that will be helpful to businesses thinking about purchasing a federated search product.
    9. Timeline of events related to the Deep Web . This timeline puts the entire history of the deep web into perspective as well as offers up some helpful links.
    10. The Deep Web . Learn terminology, get tips, and think about the future of the deep web with this article.

    100 Useful Tips and Tools to Research the Deep Web. 4 Mar. 2009. Online College Blog and School Reviews. 8 Mar. 2009 .