• I will present three or more ideas, citing textual evidence that answers the essential question,

    What forces work for and against supranational cooperation among nations?” and close with

    how it relates to today.


    First, the geography and history of Europe made the formation of the European Union a

    necessary and mutually beneficial arrangement. This is supported by the text when it says

    World War II was even more deadly than World War I. It lasted six years and claimed the lives of

    50 million people worldwide. The fighting left many European cities and farms in ruins. When the

    guns finally fell silent in 1945, Europeans wanted to make sure that such horrors never happened

    again ” (section 2, para 4). By forming international cooperation through the EU, member

    countries made sure that the events of the World Wars would be unlikely to be repeated.

    Furthermore, the diverse range of climates, landforms, and natural resources made it beneficial

    for the different countries of Europe to establish a trading system and higher government to

    provide all countries with access to resources. Countries like Poland, that suffered greatly in the

    World Wars through occupation, have been the site of many projects conducted by the EU to

    better the economy, a prime example of how the history of Europe made necessary a higher



    Second, having a common currency and market helps workers and businesses. This is

    supported by the text when it says “ This single market benefits EU consumers in several ways.

    With goods moving freely across borders, people have more choices about what to buy. The

    elimination of tariffs on EU goods has lowered prices for EU consumers. The common market

    benefits workers as well. They are able to travel freely to other EU countries to find work” (section

    3, para 4). Being able to travel to other countries freely to work helps workers from poorer

    countries earn better wages, helping the economy. Businesses can sell their goods throughout

    the union, without having to pay tariffs that raise prices. The euro simplifies this whole process,

    as when people travel over borders they do not have to trade in their currency. However, some

    people in Europe are against having a single market, primarily those in the richer western

    countries, because of the worry that poorer eastern workers take away jobs from western



    Third, the different cultures and languages that are a part of the EU make cooperation a

    challenge, but also promotes diversity and multilingualism. This is supported by the text when it

    says “National pride is one of them, as countries have a hard time putting the interests of all of

    Europe above their national interests. Competition and rivalry between countries can make

    cooperation a challenge ” (section 5, para 10). The difference in languages also makes

    translation a long process, as EU officials must translate every document into twenty different

    languages. On the other hand, the diversity of languages in Europe makes learning multiple

    languages a common feat in Europe, and is often required in schools. The benefits of this have

    been shown help kids become better at reading, math, and educational skills in general.

    Although meshing many different languages, traditions, foods, and other elements of culture is

    difficult, the diversity of the EU helps it make informed decisions based on a variety of opinions.


    In conclusion, the geography and history, a common currency and market, and the

    variety of the cultures and languages in the union all work for and against international

    cooperation in the European Union.